Introduction - The career in MBBS and higher grades is very rewarding career for those who are interested in Science and dealing with sick people. This profession requires a lot of hard work and gives the satisfaction of curing patients from sickness. The course of MBBS is five and half years including one year of internship. The first year consists of one year teaching basic science subjects – Anatomy, Physiology and Bio-chemistry with some learning of Community Medicine.



Second year consists of Para-clinical subjects – Microbiology, Pathology, Pharmacology and Forensic Medicine with Community Medicine. Third year is divided in two parts. Part I is of one year with subjects to be appear for exam are ophthalmology, ENT and Community Medicine. Part II is again of one year with subjects to be appear in exam are Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology and Pediatrics. Thus once student clear all four years with all subjects named, he/she is eligible for internship.


Eligibility - The selection for MBBS is done through an All India Entrance Examination, CET and the qualification required for entrance is 10+2 or equivalent with Science subjects. In addition to MBBS, candidate should complete House Surgency or internship for one year.


The candidate opting to pursue career in this job must have good memory, recollecting ability, service mentality, stamina, patience, power of concentration, emotional stability, logical and analytical mind.


Job Scope and Career Options


There is a great demand for medical professionals and it is increasing with the unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments day by day. Also many super specialty hospitals are mushrooming offering employment opportunities. Some of the places where there is job scope for medical professionals are as follows.



  • In Government or private hospitals
  • In Nursing homes/clinics/health departments
  • In medical services of the army, navy and air force, under the Ministry of Defense
  • In charitable institutions
  • In medical colleges and training institutes as teachers
  • In research institutes and medical colleges as researchers
  • In the industrial sector
  • Private practice/ self employment














Some of the career options are given below:



General Practitioner or Physician - A general practitioner (GP) is a medical doctor who treats acute and chronic illnesses and provides preventive care and health education to patients.

General Surgeon - General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver,pancreas, gallbladder and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local reference patterns). They also deal with diseases involving the skin, breast, soft tissue, and hernias.

Anaesthetist or Anaesthesiologists - Anaesthetists are specialist doctors who are responsible for providing anaesthesia to patients for operations and procedures. In addition anaesthetists have a range of practice which extends beyond anaesthesia for surgery to include pain management and intensive care.

Psychiatrist - A psychiatrist is a physician who specializes in psychiatry. A psychiatrist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders. Psychiatrists are doctors who must evaluate patients to determine whether or not their symptoms are the result of a physical illness, a combination of physical and mental, or a strictly psychiatric one.

Neurologist - A neurologist is a physician specializing in neurology and trained to investigate, or diagnose and treat neurological disorders. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical research, and clinical trials, as well as basic research and translational research. While neurology is a non-surgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery. Neurology, being a branch of medicine, differs from neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system in all of its aspects.

Pediatrician - Pediatrics (also spelled pediatrics or pædiatrics) is the branch of medicine that deals with the medical care of infants, children, and adolescents, and the age limit usually ranges from birth up to 18 (in some places until completion of secondary education, and until age 21 in the United States). A medical practitioner who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician, or paediatrician.

Ophthalmologist or Eye Specialist - Ophthalmology is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eye. An ophthalmologist is a specialist in medical and surgical eye problems. Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are both surgical and medical specialists.

Pathologist – The term Pathology refer to the study of disease in general, incorporating a wide range of bioscience research fields and medical practices, or more narrowly to describe work within the contemporary medical field of "general pathology," which includes a number of distinct but inter-related medical specialties which diagnose disease mostly through the analysis of tissue, cell, and body fluid samples. A physician practicing pathology is called a pathologist.

Cardiologist – Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Physicians who specialize in this field of medicine are called cardiologists. Physicians who specialize in cardiac surgery are called cardiac surgeons.

Gynaecologist-Obstetrician – Gynaecology is is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus and ovaries) and the breasts. Literally, outside medicine, it means "the science of women". Its counterpart is andrology, which deals with medical issues specific to the male reproductive system. Almost all modern gynaecologists are also obstetricians.

Dermatologist - Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the hair, nails, skin and its diseases. It is a specialty with both medical and surgical aspects. A dermatologist treats diseases, in the widest sense, and some cosmetic problems of the skin, scalp, hair, and nails.

Orthopaedist - Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics (sometimes spelled orthopaedic surgery and orthopaedics) is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders.

Gastroenterologist - Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this specialty. Physicians practicing in this field of medicine are called gastroenterologists.

Radiologist – Radiology is a medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat disease seen within the body. Radiologists use a variety of imaging techniques such as X-ray radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose or treat diseases. Interventional radiology is the performance of (usually minimally invasive) medical procedures with the guidance of imaging technologies.

The acquisition of medical imaging is usually carried out by the radiographer or radiologic technologist.
ENT specialist – ENT is the study of ear, nose, and throat conditions. It is also referred to as Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery orotorhinolaryngology. Physicians specializing in otolaryngology are called otolaryngologists or by the nickname "ENTs" or "ENT doctors" and often treat children with persistent ear, nose, and throat conditions to include surgery. Adult patients often seek treatment from an otolaryngologist for sinus infections, age-related hearing loss, and cancers of these regions.

Venereologist - Venereology is a branch of medicine with the study and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The name derives from Roman goddess Venus, associated with love, beauty and fertility. A physician specializing in venereology is called a venereologist. The specialty is sometimes combined with dermatology.

Bacteriologist - Bacteriology is the study of bacteria. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species. A person who studies bacteriology is a bacteriologist.

Physiologist - Physiology is the scientific study of function in living systems. A sub-discipline of biology, its focus is in how organisms, organ systems, organs, cells, and bio-molecules carry out the chemical or physical functions that exist in a living system. Given the size of the field it is divided into, among others: physiology, animal, plant physiology, cellular physiology, microbial physiology (see microbial metabolism), bacterial physiology, viral physiology.

Nutritionist - A nutritionist is a person who advises on matters of food and nutrition impacts on health. Different professional terms are used in different countries, employment settings and contexts — some examples include: nutrition scientist, public health nutritionist, dietitian-nutritionist, clinical nutritionist, and sports nutritionist.

Colleges Offering MBBS –


  • AJ Institute of Medical Sciences,
  • K S Hegde Medical Academy,
  • Srinivas Institute of Medical Sciences,
  • Yenepoya University,
  • A.J. Institute of Medical Sciences.


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